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アイテム
底びき網のグランドロープの機能に関する基礎的研究
http://hdl.handle.net/10232/13390
http://hdl.handle.net/10232/133901468039724cf4542b11def4c3dd5b7ab
名前 / ファイル  ライセンス  アクション 

AN00040498_v382_p103156.pdf (5.4 MB)


Item type  紀要論文 / Departmental Bulletin Paper(1)  

公開日  20120507  
タイトル  
タイトル  底びき網のグランドロープの機能に関する基礎的研究  
タイトルよみ  
タイトルよみ  ソコビキアミ ノ グランドロープ ノ キノウ ニ カンスル キソテキ ケンキュウ  
別言語のタイトル  
その他のタイトル  Fundamental Studies on the Function of Ground Rope of Drag Net  
著者 
不破, 茂
× 不破, 茂


著者よみ  
姓名  フワ, シゲル  
別言語の著者  
姓名  FUWA, Shigeru  
言語  
言語  jpn  
キーワード  
主題Scheme  Other  
主題  Ground Rope  
キーワード  
主題Scheme  Other  
主題  Weight Distribution  
キーワード  
主題Scheme  Other  
主題  Drag Coefficient  
キーワード  
主題Scheme  Other  
主題  Theoretical Analysis of Shape  
キーワード  
主題Scheme  Other  
主題  Fish Herding Model  
資源タイプ  
資源タイプ識別子  http://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_6501  
資源タイプ  departmental bulletin paper  
要約(Abstract)  
内容記述タイプ  Other  
内容記述  The ground ropes function is to keep the net in contact with the sea bottom, and herd fishes to the entrance of the bag net. In the case of thinking about selective fishing with a drag net, it is necessary to clarify the shape and herding function of the ground rope. But there are very few reports about it. In this paper, the author considered forces acting on the ground rope under towing conditions, and decided the shape of it analytically. The author designed a fish herding model the ground rope based on the theoretical probability of fiches entering the funnel of a net. Based on these results, the author investigated the shape and gear efficiency of the ground rope. Finally the author intended to obtain rational instructions for designing of ground rope. (1) The construction and weight distribution of three types of ground rope: Danish Seine, Bull Trawl and Trawl, (typical drag nets operated in Japan), were compared. Weight distribution of both Danich Seine and Trawl are uniform. But the mean weight of the later is much heavier than that of the former. It the case of comparison of Trawl and Bull Trawl, the former is long and increases its weight towards the middle. The latter is short and very heavy and shows little difference in its weight distribution. The difference in fishing methods are clearly influenced in the construction of the two types ground rope. (2) Three forces: hydraulic resistance of netting concentrated at the lacign line, hydraulic resistance of ground rope, and sliding frictional force between sea bottom are acting on the ground rope under towing conditions. At equilibrium those forces made a fixed ground rope shape. The author assumed the ground rope as a connection of segments, and considered an equlibrium among three components acting on them: horizontal, vertical and tangential components. In general it is impossible to express the vertical and horizontal component acting on each segment of the ground rope as a simple function. Assuming that the horizontal component acting on each segment of the ground rope is constant at any part, the length and end distances are known ahead of time, the shape of the ground rope was expressed graphically based on the distribution of vertical components of it which were obtained experimentaly. 

要約(Abstract)  
内容記述タイプ  Other  
内容記述  (3) The vertical component acting on each segment of the ground rope under towing conditions was expressed as the sum of hydraulic resistance, sliding frictional force and sand drag. Drag of clyinder type of bobbins at different lengths and that of sphere type of bobbins in various directions were measured both on wet concrete and in a sand tank with water. The drag of two types bobbin on a rocky bottom (F_D) had no directional qualities, and may be expressed as the product of weight of bobbin (W_B) and drag coefficient (μ_90); F_D=μ_90W_B. The drag coefficient of cylinder type of bobbins and sphere type of bobbins were 0.75 and 0.68 respectively. The drag of cylinder type of bobbins in towed on a sandy bottom is dependent upon the on attack angle (90°θ), and may be expressed the product of the weight of bobbin (W_B) and drag coefficient (μθ) as follows; F_D=μθW_B. The drag coefficient is a function of θ and is expressed as follows; μθ=0.68 (0.72 sin^[1.5]θ+cos^[1.5]θ). In the case of a sphere, the drag coefficient was denoted a constant value of 0.68. Hydraulic resistance of model ground rope composed of clyinder type of bobbins was measured in a circulating tank. Hydraulic drag coefficient (C_D) showed a constant value of about 0.45. (4) Three types of model ground rope differing in weight distribution were made. These were examined both on wet concrete and sandy sea bottom under various conditions for the purpose of measuring shape and resistance. Close agreement was shown between experimental values of the shape and resistance of them, and those of calculated values obtained by analytically using the drag coeffieients mentioned above. When the distribution of forces acting on ground rope uder towing condition are known, the shape of it can be decided using the method proposed in this study. On the other hand the weight distribution of ground rope for making a certain ground rope shape can be decided using the method proposed in this study. 

要約(Abstract)  
内容記述タイプ  Other  
内容記述  (5) The author paid attention to fish reaction to the ground rope and considered a fish herding model for the ground rope. Theoretical probability of fishes entering the funnel of the bag net was calculated, and six theoretical types of ground rope: triangle, trapezoid, half ellipse, arc, parabola and catenary were compared. The fishing efficiency of trapezoid, parabola, half ellipse and catenary showed almost same values under towing condition based on the fish herding model for flat fish. The wing tips distance at maximum fishing efficiency was wider than usual towing conditions. Higher fishing efficiency would be expected under that towing condition. Fishing efficiency of two types of ground rope, middleweighted Bull Trawl type and heavyweighted Trawl type, were compared by towing on a sandy sea bottom using the fish herding model proposed in this study. Fishing efficiency of the former was a little higher than that of the latter. This corelates well with the results of field experiments. (6) The ratio of resistance of ground rope to the total resistance of drag net was about 3035% under towing condition. It is imposible to change a ground rope shape under towing condition by means of variation on the weight distribution of the ground rope. In the case of thinking on the ground rope shape, it is necessary to consider the hydraulic resistance of netting which were concentrated to the lacing lines and acting on the ground rope. The trapezoid shape glound rope was showed the fishing efficiency using the fish herding model proposed in this study. About 3035% of resistance of drag net should act on the points both edge of bosom of ground rope to make a trapezoidshape ground rope. It is one method to concentrate whole drag acting on ground rope and hydraullic resistance of netting there as a results of many considerations on weight distribution of ground rope and the design of lacing lines. 

収録雑誌名 
鹿児島大学水産学部紀要=Memoirs of Faculty of Fisheries Kagoshima University 巻 38, 号 2, p. 103156 

作成日  
日付  19891225  
ISSN  
収録物識別子タイプ  ISSN  
ISSN  0453087X  
NII書誌ID（雑誌）  
収録物識別子タイプ  NCID  
NC ID  AN00040498  
出版タイプ  
出版タイプ  VoR  
出版タイプResource  http://purl.org/coar/version/c_970fb48d4fbd8a85  
NDC  
主題Scheme  NDC  
主題  664  
公開者・出版者  
出版者  鹿児島大学  
公開者よみ  
公開者よみ  カゴシマ ダイガク  
公開者別名  
公開者別名  Kagoshima University 